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The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomised trials

The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomised trials,10.1016/S0140-6736(00)04337-3,

The CONSORT statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomised trials   (Citations: 980)
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To comprehend the results of a randomized controlled trial (RCT), readers must understand its design, conduct, analysis, and interpretation. That goal can be achieved only through complete transparency from authors. Despite several decades of educational efforts, the reporting of RCTs needs improve- ment. Investigators and editors developed the original CONSORT (Consoli- dated Standards of Reporting Trials) statement to help authors improve re- porting by using a checklist and flow diagram. The revised CONSORT statement presented in this article incorporates new evidence and ad- dresses some criticisms of the original statement. The checklist items pertain to the content of the Title, Abstract, Introduc- tion, Methods, Results, and Comment. The revised checklist includes 22 items selected because empirical evidence indicates that not reporting the infor- mation is associated with biased estimates of treatment effect or because the information is essential to judge the reliability or relevance of the find- ings. We intended the flow diagram to depict the passage of participants through an RCT. The revised flow diagram depicts information from 4 stages of a trial (enrollment, intervention allocation, follow-up, and analysis). The diagram explicitly includes the number of participants, according to each in- tervention group, included in the primary data analysis. Inclusion of these numbers allows the reader to judge whether the authors have performed an intention-to-treat analysis. In sum, the CONSORT statement is intended to improve the reporting of an RCT, enabling readers to understand a trial's conduct and to assess the validity of its results.
Journal: Lancet , vol. 357, no. 9263, pp. 1191-1194, 2001
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